EMI Europe Country Codes

This section contains an explanation of the EMI Europe Country Codes for serious vinyl LP collectors.

In most cases the EMI Codes are the first two letters of the record’s catalog number. The catalognr is usually printed on the record’s label and these EMI Country Code are used to indicate the country in which the record was manufactured.

Example image showing the location of the EMI country code on the record’s label

The list of codes:

0C = UK
1A = Holland
1C = Germany
1J = Spain
2C = France
2E = Austria
2J = Greece
3C = Italy
3E = Switzerland
4C = Belgium
4E = Sweden
5C = Holland
5E = Finland
6C = Denmark
6E = Denmark
7C = Sweden
7E = Norway
8E = Portugal
9C = Finland
10C = Spain
11C = Portugal
12C = Austria
13C = Switzerland
14C = Greece



A0625 AXE Living on the Edge

AXE an American Hard Rock band from Gainesville, Florida, USA. AXE band was previously called “Alien” and comes from ex-members of “Babyface” with “Edgar Riley Jr”, “Bobby Miles”, “Bobby Barth”, “Mike Turpin”. In 1979 it was renamed from “Alien” into “AXE” and “Michael Osborne” joined them as second guitarist.

“Living on the Edge” is the second full length album by the American Hard Rock band “AXE”. It is their last album recorded and released on MCA records.In addition this is the last album with the original Babyface, Alien, Axe, as this is the final album with Michael Turpin.

Background information on the band-members of AXE

Edgar Riley Jr is an American singer and keyboard player who started his musical career in the Rock band “Babyface” and has been singer in Alien and AXE. Actually these three bands are the same group of musicians, but the band was renamed several times.

Bobby Barth is an American singer, guitarist, music producer and started his musical career in the band “Wakefield”. Around 1973 Barth left “Wakefield” and founded the band called “Babyface”. Babyface evolved over the year from Babyface, into Alien and finally Axe. Starting as a studio musican and guest musican he performed with the band “Blackfoot” during 1984-1985.

Michael Osborne was a guitarist in the American bands Alien and Axe. Osborne died in a car-accident in 1985 and caused the end of the Axe band.

Michael “Mike” Turpin bass guitar player with the bands: Babyface, Alien and Axe. “Living on the Edge” is the last album with Mike Turpin on bass.

Teddy Mueller is an American drummer who started at the age of 14 in a band called Prism (1968). After several band changes he joined Alien/Axe in 1977.

Beginner’s Guide for Collecting Vinyl Records

Getting Started

Record collectors can benefit in different ways from their collection, because records can be listend and the music enjoyed. Additionally the artwork , album descriptions and liner notes give great information on the artists/performers of a recording.

Where to find records

Great places to find records are:

Record shops – there are still a great number of vinyl record shops around. You will find great quality records at record shops. Serious record shops will take care about their reputation and services
so you can expect records in great condition. Check your local shops and support the business they are doing, they depend on you (note: when buying a larger nr of records they are often willing to offer a discount or throw in an extra bonus records)

Flea markets, Garage Sales – Flea markets and garage sales are great places to find records at low prices, but take care of the records cover and vinyl condition.

Newspaper advertisements – check your newspapers for people cleaning up their cellars and garages and trying to sell their records. Quick reaction and action is often required to make the deal, before somebody else does

Friends – do your friends still have records, you may discover common tastes in music.

Checking records condition

This section describes a method for quicky grading records.

Ideally you have plenty of time and very bright sun-light to check the condition of album covers and LPs. Unfortunately this often NOT the case, as you need to check tens of records at a garage sale, and a next buyer already standing by 🙂

Check the album cover, if album cover looks in mint (like new) condition, you can almost assume that the owner took care of the collection and the record itself will also be fine. Take the record out of the sleeve and hold it in various angles in the light to detect any scratches or surface marks. Glide your finger over marks, if you feel a mark you will also hear it when listening, but keep in mind that perfect records dont exist

Check the record label around the spindle hole, lack of white spots around the spindle hole, indicates that the record has been rarely played and used.

Above checks allow you to quickly check the condition of a album and record but nothing can beat listening to a record to check the condition, personally I use two different turntables with different cartridges.

Price Guide For Rare Vinyl LP Records

Getting started on determining the value of your records

A short tutorial on getting started with assessing the value/prices of your records

So you want to find out the value of your vinyl record collection and determine whether to keep or sell them and estimate the current market value of your record collection

First of all: You need to determine the overall condition of the album covers and the vinyl records themself. Albums in a great condition with little or no wear may obviously have a higher value. Have written names, numbers or used hard to remove stickers on the covers, in this case you will not get a high value,

What are the music genre you listened to. Was it “middle of the road” for an relaxing listening experience, or is the music off-track hard to find music. Much of estimating the value of your collection depends on: the time you have available to collect and analyze various information and of course the volume of records in your collection.

Limited Time to Spent
If you have little time to invest in this collection appraisal, the easiest way is to place an advertisement in one or more local newspapers. In the advertisement you need to mention the nr of albums, the condition of the album covers and the records and the music genres Eg
Selling ~50 LP from the 60s-80s, Pop Rock, all in an excellent condition

The better and more detailed the description, the higher the chance that the ad is attracitng the right interested people. Wait until you have several offers and sell the records to the person which had the highest bid, or the most sympathic one. If there has been no interest, you can donate the discs to a thrift shop

Appraising your record collection
If you have plenty of spare time (who has this ?) you can investigate a bit more in time in the investigation (be careful this may become adictive :’)
You should start with a list of the records, for each record this list should at least contain:
Name of the band/performer(s), album title, Record Label, Catalognr; Year of issue, Country of issue, estimated value, notes

One example:
Beatles; Abbey Road; Apple; abc123; 1973; England; 15$; light seam-wear;
If you have a collection of over 1000 records, it may be useful to buy one of the record value guides, otherwise you can research on one of web-sites beloe.

IMPORTANT: The prices listed on the websites below are asking prices, usually the asking prices are higher then what you may get. On auction sites, you must investigate the prices of completed succesfull sales.
The description of the items on the websites must exactly match the information you have collected previously. Eg the “Abbey Road” made in Germany has a lower value then the same record from the UK.
Auction sites: use the larger Ebay sites like ebay.com, ebay.co,uk, and ebay.de and investigate the number of records being sold, the highest bid they have received and the condition of the items. Write down this price into your record inventory.

Other helpful sites are the “Record Collectors Guild”, gemm.com, popsike.com.
ADVISE: during the time you are investigating, listen to your vinyl records, you will enjoy the music and can check whether they have audible noises like cracks, skips or repeats at the same time. If you no longer have a turntable, consider buy a decent hifi-set and turntable (dont buy a all-in-one low budget turnable player

General guidelines for appraising your LP’s

As an introduction is below a set of “basic” guidelines for estimating the value of your record collection. Each of these topics will be explained in full detail later on.

  • Rarity vs Scarce – both “rare” and “scarce” refer to records which are hard to find. scarce are records which are hard to find, but which have no demand by collectors. rare records are also records which are hard to find but these are in demand.
  • Sealed vs non-sealed – sealed records (albums which have not been unwrapped) will have a higher market value
  • Release date – rock records from the 60s & 70s will have a higher value then records from the 80s, 90s.
  • Condition – the condition of the record and the album cover play a very important role
  • Promotional and DEMO records
  • Records which have been withdrawn from marketing soon after their release

Records which have low or no value

Apart from the sentimental value, in general the following types of records have little or no particular value.

  • Records which have been sold in millions
  • Compilation records
  • 12″ Singles

One of the first factors which help to determine the price of the record, is date the record was produced. Some of the general rule

  • Original (1st issue) pressings of records have a higher value
  • Re-issues of records are less collectable then original release
  • Records from the 60s, 70s are more valuable then records from the 80s and 90s.

Keep in mind that the above are general rules and exception will proof the generality of these rules.

If the album cover has an EAN code (product identification barcode) it has been produced after 1973.

Columbia / CBS Records

This section can help you to date Columbia Records based on information or the looks of Columbia’s record labels

  • 1938 – Late 50’s two overlapping circles with the Magic Notes in the left circle and a CBS microphone in the right circle.
  • 1948 – Introduction of the Long Playing Microgroove LP
  • 1955 – Introduction of the Walking Eye logo 1960 Modification of the Walking Eye logo

Parlophone Records

This section can help you to date parlophone records

The typical Parlophone label from the 60’s has a black label with “PARLOPHONE” in yellow. This basic label style lasted on all Parlophone issues until 1969, when it was replaced by a black label with silver print. However, there were three different variations of the 60’s parlophone label, which make it possible to give a more accurate date to your Parlophone album.

From April of 1963 through the end of the year, Parlophone LP’s featured the new black label with “The Parlophone Co. Ltd.” in the rim print. There is no printed slogan across the middle of the label on this issue.

From 1965 until 1969, all Parlophone LP’s were released with labels having The Gramophone Co. Ltd. in the rim print and the Sold in UK message across the center of the label.

Vinyl Records Maintenance Guide

This page describes how maintain your vinyl records and albums in top condition. In order to preserve your vinyl records and album covers  for many years and decades.

1) Cleaning the album cover

Start by cleaning the album cover, in most cases wiping the album cover with a a dry (non-moistened) microfiber cloth is suffienct to remove any dust.

2) Inspecting and repairing the album cover for wear

Check the outside of the album cover for any obvious wear. Place your hand inside the album cover and open your hand while it is inside the cover. This will reveal any hidden seam wear. (and sometimes you may find a surprise inside the album cover). Loose seams can be simple glued back using a strong paper-glue. After applying the glue, I usually insert an old record with inner sleeve inside to album cover to prevent the glue from glueing the inside cover together. Use several spring clamps ( 15 pc. 6″ Heavy Duty Spring Clamps ) to keep the seams tight together while the glue is drying

3) 12″ Inner Sleeve

I always replace the inner sleeves with a brand-new plastic/paper inner sleeves (100 White Plastic Lined Paper Replacement Innersleeves with Window for 12″ Vinyl Records #12IA – Prevent Paper Scratches & Protect Against Dust! (Polylined, Albums / Inner Sleeves) If the original inner sleeve is a company inner sleeve or a custom inner sleeve , eg with artwork and or lyrics. Store this sleeve with record.

4) 12″ Outer Sleeves

If there is was item on which I should NOT have saved money on, it is the 12″ Outer Sleeves. Many years ago as a student, I could not always afford these outer sleeves which added 1-2$ to the price of a record. Today I regret not having bought these at the time, because the best preserved albums are the albums for which I did buy these plastic sleeves. Buy the thickest plastic outer sleeves you can get (eg 100 Thick 3mil Polyethylene Plastic Record Outer Sleeves for 12″ Vinyl Record Albums or LPs (a.k.a. Outersleeves Covers or Bags) )

5) Storing your vinyl records

Store the vinyls horizontally each next to each other and in small groups with dividers in between each group of records. Have a look at the Ikea EXPEDIT but check the inner measures before buying.

6) Vinyl Cleaning with carbon fiber brush

The must have to clean your vinyl records is the anti-static carbon brush. This carbon fiber brush is used to dust the dust of the vinyl record. There at least two diffent ways you can use the brush. 1) Hold the vinyl record in your hand (taking care not to touch the black vinyl areas), Use your other hand to brush the record from inside to the outside.

Place the vinyl record on the turntable and switch it on. While the record is turning, gently wipe it with the fiber brush. Obviously this option works difficult with fully automatic turntables. For persistent dust particles (or small white spots from the inner sleeves) sticking on the vinyl I use moistened glass wipes, it works perfectly and does not costs a lot (eg Zeiss Pre-Moistened Lens Cloths Wipes )

7) Cleaning machines

Cleaning machines are only required for very dirty records.

Robert Plant Collector Notes

Robert Plant information in a nutshell: Robert Plant a British Singer best known as lead singer of the British Rock band “Led Zeppelin” in which he performed from 1968 until 1980. He started his singin career in the band “New Yardbirds”, which later became “Led Zeppelin”. After “Led Zeppelin” was disbanded, Robert Plant participated in many projects and bands , he has worked many times together with Jeff Beck (eg The Honeydrippers) and Phil Collins.

There exists a 12″ Collectors Edition Mini-LP which includes a remix long version of “Litte by Little”. “Little by Little is a track from the 3rd Solo Album by Robert Plant.


A0629 LED ZEPPELIN In Through The Out Door

“In Through The Out Door” is the 10th album by the British Rock band Led Zeppelin and was originally released in 1979.

This 12″ LP black vinyl music record comes comes in the original brown paper bag. This is the so-called “A” version.

This album “LED ZEPPELIN – In Through The Outdoor (1979, Germany)” includes the original custom inner sleeve with album details, and artwork/photos

This original LP version of this album features an unusual gimmick: the album had an outer sleeve which was made to look like a plain brown paper bag, and the LP record sleeve proper featured black and white line artwork which, if washed with a wet brush, would become permanently fully coloured.  

Robert Plant – Lead Vocals
Jimmy Page – Guitars, Gizmotron, Production
John Paul Jones – Bass, Mandolin, Keyboards
John Bonham – Drums, percussion

Additional information and hires photos of “In Through The Out Door”